Traceable Species

Skipjack Tuna


Ocean Bonito, Lesser Tuna, Aku, Katsuo

Skipjack Tuna

Skipjack tuna are a highly migratory fish that roams all the world’s oceans in tropical and subtropical zones. They live in large schools and are typically harvested and canned as “light tuna.” 

Skipjack have a dark purplish-blue back and silver belly with up to six dark bands running from their head to tail. They do not have scales except around its head and running along their lateral line. They have streamlined, torpedo-shaped bodies adapted to fast swimming. With the most pronounced taste of all tropical tunas, skipjack are typically sold as canned light tuna.

Skipjack Tuna

Skipjack tuna have a life span of eight to 12 years and reach reproductive maturity when they reach 1.3 feet in length. The species is very productive, spawning throughout the year in tropical and subtropical waters. Females can spawn almost daily, releasing millions of eggs. Their most productive spawning periods are in the spring and fall.  Females release their eggs near the sea surface where they are fertilized. They grow quickly reaching about 80 cm (31 inches) and weighing eight to 10 kg (18–22 lb). They live mostly in the open ocean and can be found in large schools swimming long distances to feed and reproduce. They are at the top of the food chain and feed on other fish, squid and crustaceans.

Food Info Skipjack Tuna


TASTING NOTES

  • Colour: deep red when raw and light gray when cooked.
  • Texture: firm and flaky
  • Flavour: most pronounced flavour of all tropical tunas
  • Perfect serve: Skipjack is primarily sold as canned light tuna. Great for making sandwiches and salads.
HOW TO CHOOSE A QUALITY SKIPJACK TUNA
Species Range
Skipjack Tuna range Source: Fishbase.org
COMMON NAMES
Ocean Bonito
Lesser Tuna
Aku
Katsuo
These crabs mate at the time of maturity, which is approximately 3 years of age. Females are smaller than males; this is because the development of reproductive tissues required more energy for females, leaving less energy available for continued body growth. They grow through a process known as molting—regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They continue to molt and grow after they have reached sexual maturity. During the breeding season, the crabs leave their borrows in a phenomenon characterized by mass mate-searching events. Once mating/fertilization has occurred, females spawns in the water. The larvae released during the rainy season develop in offshore waters and return to coastal waters five to eight weeks after larval release.
Mangrove crabs are important fishery resources in all Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast where many fishermen depend upon their catch. In addition to its social and economic importance, the mangrove crab is a “keystone” species in ecosystem, they playing an important role in the processes of nutrient cycling and energy transfer.

Fishing Methods

{'fisheries': [<License: Tuna by Artisanal Handline (Sulawesi Sea)>, <License: Yellowfin Tuna by Handline (Assilulu)>, <License: Yellowfin Tuna by Handline (Buru Island)>, <License: Yellowfin Tuna by Handline (Lombok)>, <License: Yellowfin Tuna by Handline (South Seram)>], 'gear': <Gear: Artisanal Handline>}

Artisanal Handline

Handlining is a small-scale fishing method in which fish harvesters jig for tuna with weighted hooks, troll at low speeds with lures, attach hooks and lines to makeshift floats, and even use kites to dangle lures along the sea surface to attract tuna.

FISHERIES:

{'fisheries': [<License: Hawaiian Pelagic Fish by Longline>], 'gear': <Gear: Pelagic Longline>}

Pelagic Longline

This fishery uses a longline to catch a variety of pelagic fish on the high seas such as tuna and swordfish. A deep-set longline is used to primarily target tuna and a shallow-set longline is used to target swordfish or mixed species including bigeye, Albacore and yellowfin tuna. Baited hooks are attached to a line that floats in the ocean using buoys and flagpoles.

FISHERIES:

{'fisheries': [<License: Hawaiian Coastal Pelagic Fish by Hook and Line>], 'gear': <Gear: Pelagic Hook-and-Line>}

Pelagic Hook-and-Line

This fishery uses a variety of artisanal hook-and-line methods to catch coastal pelagic fish such as tuna, marlin, swordfish, mahi mahi, wahoo (ono) and others. A pole and line with live bait scattered into the water is used to catch feeding skipjack tuna. Trolling with lures and lines, and handlines with lures, lines and bait bags are used to target larger fish such as bigeye tuna, swordfish, mahi mahi and wahoo.

FISHERIES:

{'fisheries': [<License: Skipjack Tuna by Pole & Line (Azores)>, <License: Yellowfin Tuna by Pole & Line>], 'gear': <Gear: Pole & Line>}

Pole & Line

This small-scale fishing method uses a pole and line to catch a variety of tuna species. Live baitfish is scattered into the sea to attract tuna. Fish harvesters then use a pole, lure and barbless hook to catch the feeding tuna.

FISHERIES:

Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

Mangrove Crab Harvester

Canavieiras, Brazil

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