Traceable Species

Sea Scallop


Digby Scallop, Wild Scallop, Giant Scallop, Hotate (sushi)

Sea Scallop

Sea scallops are widely known for their iconic, beautiful shape, a fan-like shell with fluted grooves. The large marsh-mellow-sized variety is often called the giant sea scallop and the smaller one the bay scallop. They are plentiful in both offshore and inshore areas, ranging from Newfoundland to North Carolina.

This bi-valve mollusk has a reddish-pink upper shell and white or cream-coloured lower shell. They typically don’t grow much bigger than 6.7 inches (17 cm). The scallop is revered for its sweet, delicious flavour and melt-in-the-mouth texture.

Sea Scallop

Scallops grow quickly and reach reproductive maturity at the tender age of two. Most of their growth takes place between the ages of three and five when scallops commonly grow to 50 to 80 percent of their shell size and may quadruple their meat weight. Before this, they float freely as larvae in ocean currents. Only when they reach an inch in size do they become scallops as we know them. At this point, they sink to the bottom of the ocean and promptly proceed to feed on plankton. On the seafloor, they emit a glue-like substance that helps them stick to rocks. 

Food Info Sea Scallop


TASTING NOTES

  • Colour: opaque white to pale beige to creamy pink
  • Texture: very fleshy meat which is lean and firm in texture
  • Flavour: A sweet, mild taste
  • Perfect serve: Scallops are particularly popular as an appetizer, often wrapped in bacon and quickly grilled. To make the most of the distinctive sweet flavour of scallops, pan sear them quickly till just brown and slightly crusty on the outside and still tender in the middle. Serve with a light, not overpoweringly flavoured, sauce: lemon-butter or white wine and herb come to mind. Be careful not to overcook them as they toughen up easily.
HOW TO CHOOSE A QUALITY SEA SCALLOP
Species Range
Sea Scallop range Source: Fishbase.org
COMMON NAMES
Digby Scallop
Wild Scallop
Giant Scallop
Hotate (sushi)
FISHERY OPENINGS
Sea Scallop by Bottom Trawl (USA) Mar 01 - Feb 28
Sea Scallop - Full Bay of Fundy Oct 01 - Sep 30
Oct 01 - Sep 30
Oct 01 - Sep 30
Sea Scallop - Mid Bay of Fundy Aug 05 - Sep 30
Sea Scallop - Northumberland Strait May 07 - Jun 04
Sea Scallop - Upper Bay of Fundy Aug 05 - Sep 30
These crabs mate at the time of maturity, which is approximately 3 years of age. Females are smaller than males; this is because the development of reproductive tissues required more energy for females, leaving less energy available for continued body growth. They grow through a process known as molting—regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They continue to molt and grow after they have reached sexual maturity. During the breeding season, the crabs leave their borrows in a phenomenon characterized by mass mate-searching events. Once mating/fertilization has occurred, females spawns in the water. The larvae released during the rainy season develop in offshore waters and return to coastal waters five to eight weeks after larval release.
Mangrove crabs are important fishery resources in all Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast where many fishermen depend upon their catch. In addition to its social and economic importance, the mangrove crab is a “keystone” species in ecosystem, they playing an important role in the processes of nutrient cycling and energy transfer.

Fishing Methods

{'fisheries': [<License: Sea Scallop - Full Bay of Fundy>, <License: Sea Scallop - Mid Bay of Fundy>, <License: Sea Scallop - Northumberland Strait>, <License: Sea Scallop - Upper Bay of Fundy>], 'gear': <Gear: Digby Dredge>}

Digby Dredge

Fish harvesters drag a tow bar attached to metal chain-link baskets along the seafloor to catch sea scallops.

FISHERIES:

{'fisheries': [<License: Sea Scallop by Bottom Trawl (USA)>], 'gear': <Gear: Bottom Trawl>}

Bottom Trawl

This fishery uses a large cone-shaped net that is dragged along the seafloor to catch fish. As the net is towed at low speed, hydrodynamic forces push two "otter boards" outwards opening the mouth of the net and capturing fish in its path.

FISHERIES:

Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

Mangrove Crab Harvester

Canavieiras, Brazil

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