Traceable Species


Buckethead, Green Cod, Greenling, Blue Cod, Buffalo Cod


Lingcod is a Pacific species whose scientific name – Ophiodon elongatus – says it all. Its roots – the Greek “ophis” for snake, “odons” for tooth, and the Latin word “elongatus” or elongated – provides a fitting description for this odd-looking fish. The only thing not serpentine about this bottom-dweller is its large head, which is why it is also known as “Buckethead.”

Lingcod live in rocky seafloor habit and camouflage themselves in mottled colours ranging from mustard yellow and deep browns to varied greys and dark greens. The local marine environment often influences its colouring and markings. Fresh lingcod fillets have a natural blue-green shimmer that disappears with cooking. It’s mild flavour and dense flesh is a favourite for fish and chips.lingcod


Starting in October, lingcod begin to migrate to spawning grounds near the shore. The males lead the way, establishing nests in rock crevices or on ledges with strong currents. The females follow, laying between 150,000 and 500,000 eggs, but then immediately take off. Male lingcod are left to guard the nest from predators until the eggs hatch from early March to late April. Larvae initially inhabit eelgrass beds and then move to flat sandy areas. Young lingcod remain in shallower depths for several years, but eventually settle in similar habitats to older lingcod. The species lives for 14 to 20 years and averages about 10 pounds (4.53 kg).  The largest lingcod on record is almost 60 inches (152 cm) long, weighing in at just over 80 pounds (36.3 kg).

Food Info Lingcod


  • Colour: White fillets that may have a blue-green shimmer which disappears with cooking.
  • Texture: A very lean fish with a dense, medium-firm texture and large flakes.
  • Flavour: Very mild.
  • Perfect serve: Given its mild flavour, lingcod is perfect for recipes using strongly flavoured sauces, as the flavour of the fish does not detract from the sauce. Try Lingcod paired with a cumin-spiced garlicky tomato sauce. It has been used as a fish and chip mainstay for years.


Yogurt and Almond Lingcod

From the shores of Vancouver Island, Captain Bob and Peggy Burkosky bring us a light and zesty lingcod dish from their book Cooking Fish & Brewing Tales.

See more recipes
Species Range
Lingcod range Source:
Green Cod
Blue Cod
Buffalo Cod
Lingcod By Gang Troll Apr 01 - Nov 15
Lingcod by Hook and Line Apr 01 - Nov 15
Pacific Halibut by Hook and Line Mar 16 - Nov 07
These crabs mate at the time of maturity, which is approximately 3 years of age. Females are smaller than males; this is because the development of reproductive tissues required more energy for females, leaving less energy available for continued body growth. They grow through a process known as molting—regularly shedding their shell and growing a new, larger one. They continue to molt and grow after they have reached sexual maturity. During the breeding season, the crabs leave their borrows in a phenomenon characterized by mass mate-searching events. Once mating/fertilization has occurred, females spawns in the water. The larvae released during the rainy season develop in offshore waters and return to coastal waters five to eight weeks after larval release.
Mangrove crabs are important fishery resources in all Brazilian coast, mainly in the north and northeast where many fishermen depend upon their catch. In addition to its social and economic importance, the mangrove crab is a “keystone” species in ecosystem, they playing an important role in the processes of nutrient cycling and energy transfer.

Fishing Methods

{'fisheries': [<License: Lingcod By Gang Troll>], 'gear': <Gear: Gang Troll>}

Gang Troll

This fishery uses hooks, lures and lines, trailed behind vessels at low speed, to catch lingcod. Each lingcod is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.


{'fisheries': [<License: Lingcod by Hook and Line>, <License: Pacific Halibut by Hook and Line>], 'gear': <Gear: Bottom Longline with Hooks>}

Bottom Longline with Hooks

This fishery uses a bottom longline that is baited with hooks and anchored to the ocean floor. A longline can be from 1 to 3 miles (1.6 to 5 km) long and have up to 2,000 hooks.


{'fisheries': [<License: Californian Lingcod by Rod & Reel>], 'gear': <Gear: Rod and Reel>}

Rod and Reel

This fishery uses a rod, reel and lure or baited hook trailed behind a vessel at low speed to catch fish. Each fish is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.


{'fisheries': [<License: Washington Hook-and-Line Trolling>], 'gear': <Gear: Hook and Line Troll>}

Hook and Line Troll

This fishery uses hooks, lures and lines, trailed behind vessels at low speed, to catch salmon. Each salmon is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.


{'fisheries': [<License: Californian Groundfish by Bottom Trawl>], 'gear': <Gear: Bottom Trawl>}

Bottom Trawl

This fishery uses a large cone-shaped net that is dragged along the seafloor to catch fish. As the net is towed at low speed, hydrodynamic forces push two "otter boards" outwards opening the mouth of the net and capturing fish in its path.


Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

Mangrove Crab Harvester

Canavieiras, Brazil

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