Traceable Species

Keta Chum


Dog salmon, Calico salmon, Sake (sushi)

Keta Chum

Chum salmon typically spend the summer and fall spawning in the lower reaches of medium-sized coastal streams and rivers within 100 km of the ocean. They are the latest of the salmon species to enter rivers to spawn. In the shorter streams, Chum emerge from gravel spawning beds in the spring as fry and then move onwards directly to the sea, a migration that is accomplished in just a day or two. In larger river systems, the young remain in fresh water up to several months before heading for the ocean. Either way, most Chum spend two or three years – although some spend up to seven years – at sea before returning to their home streams to spawn. Spawning Chum salmon are easily recognizable by the dark purplish horizontal stripe running down their sides, the canine-like teeth of the large males and their checkerboard or calico colouration.

Keta Chum

Food Info Keta Chum


TASTING NOTES

  • Colour: light pink to orange
  • Texture: firmer and coarser than the other salmon species
  • Flavour: milder and considerably leaner than most other salmon
  • Perfect serve: Given its drier texture, Chum is best suited to poaching and steaming, or any other method where extra moisture is added to the cooking process. Try it steamed in a soy sauce and fresh ginger marinade.
HOW TO CHOOSE A QUALITY KETA CHUM
Species Range
Keta Chum range Source: Fishbase.org
COMMON NAMES
Dog salmon
Calico salmon
Sake (sushi)
FISHERY OPENINGS
Alaskan Salmon by Hook & Line Troll Jul 01 - Sep 30
Salmon Troll Area F - North Coast / Haida Gwaii Jun 09 - --
Salmon Troll Area G - West Coast Vancouver Island Apr 19 - --
Salmon Troll - T'aaq-wiihak Aboriginal Fishery Aug 01 - Aug 31

Chums are commonly referred to as “dog salmon” courtesy of the canine-like teeth and pronounced hooked snout that appear in mature spawning males. These salmon hatch in fresh water, spend part of their life feeding in the ocean and then “run” back to their natal rivers to spawn and die. They range from Oregon around the Pacific Rim to the Russian Far East and Japan.

Chums are identifiable by silver streaks in their tail. Indeed, fish caught in the ocean are called “silverbrights” because of their bright silver bodies. On average, Chum weigh 8 pounds (3.5 kg) and their fillets are coloured from light pink to orange.

Fishing Methods

{'fisheries': [<License: Salmon Troll - T'aaq-wiihak Aboriginal Fishery>], 'gear': <Gear: Aboriginal Hook & Line Troll>}

Aboriginal Hook & Line Troll

This fishery uses hooks, lures and lines, trailed behind vessels at low speed, to catch salmon. Each salmon is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.

FISHERIES:
Go

{'fisheries': [<License: Salmon Seine Area A - North Coast / Haida Gwaii>, <License: Salmon Seine Area B - South Coast / Fraser River>], 'gear': <Gear: Salmon Purse Seine>}

Salmon Purse Seine

Seine fishermen encircle a large wall of netting around schools of salmon and pull the bottom of the netting closed, like a drawstring purse, to capture the fish.

FISHERIES:
Go

{'fisheries': [<License: Salmon by Beach Seine>], 'gear': <Gear: Beach Seine>}

Beach Seine

Fish harvesters encircle a large wall of netting around schools of salmon and pull the bottom of the netting closed, like a drawstring purse, to capture the fish.

FISHERIES:
Go

{'fisheries': [<License: Salmon First Nations - Barkley Sound>, <License: Salmon Gillnet Area C - North Coast / Haida Gwaii>, <License: Salmon Gillnet Area D - Vancouver Island>, <License: Salmon Gillnet Area E - Fraser River / Georgia Strait>], 'gear': <Gear: Gill Net>}

Gill Net

This fishery uses curtains of netting suspended by a system of floats and weights to catch salmon. The fine netting is almost invisible so salmon unwittingly get caught in the mesh.

FISHERIES:
Go

{'fisheries': [<License: Alaskan Salmon by Hook & Line Troll>, <License: Salmon Troll Area F - North Coast / Haida Gwaii>, <License: Salmon Troll Area G - West Coast Vancouver Island>, <License: Salmon Troll Area H - Inside Passage>], 'gear': <Gear: Hook and Line Troll>}

Hook and Line Troll

This fishery uses hooks, lures and lines, trailed behind vessels at low speed, to catch salmon. Each salmon is individually hooked and hauled aboard by hand.

FISHERIES:
Go

Featured Harvester Bernie Berry

Mangrove Crab Harvester

Canavieiras, Brazil

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