European Sardine


European Sardine

Sardina pilchardus

The European sardine is a migratory, ocean-dwelling fish that can be found in the Northeast Atlantic from the North Sea southward to Bay de Gorée, Senegal. It can also be found in the Mediterranean, the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea. These fish form in schools at depths between 25 to 100 metres during the day, rising to 10 to 35 metres at night.

The body of the European sardine is bright silver and nearly cylindrical, with a rounded belly. This species has a series of dark spots along upper flanks of its body, sometimes with a second or even third series below.  It is usually cooked whole once gutted, and is great on the barbeque. 

European Sardine

The European sardine breeds at 20 to 25 metres below sea level, ranging from the shore to as far as 100 km out to sea. They breed in April in the English Channel, June to August in the North and Black Seas, September to May off the European coasts of the Mediterranean, and November to June off the African coasts of the Mediterranean. The European sardine feeds mainly on planktonic crustaceans, but also larger organisms.

Fishing Methods

European Sardine Food Info