Atlantic Chub Mackerel
Atlantic chub mackerel can be found in the the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, and the Atlantic Ocean. This medium-sized pelagic fish species occurs in deeper waters during the colder part of the year and near coastal waters in warmer temperatures where they spawn and feed. This species is known to travel great distances through the open ocean.
The mackerel is elongated and streamlined fish with a deeply forked tail. It has spines on the dorsal fin. The Atlantic Chub Mackerel is silvery in colour, with a greenish blue back. The upper surface has dark zigzagging stripes and the belly is pale and marked with wavy lines.
The Atlantic Chub Mackerel is a fast-growing species. They mature at 2–3 years of age but are relatively long-lived, typically 8–10 years. The spawning season is March to April in the Mediterranean and June to July in the more northern ranges. This species spawns her the surface of the water and become larvae after 6 days. School of juvenille fish stay near the coast until they mature into adults.
Fish harvesters encircle a large wall of netting around schools of fish and pull the bottom of the netting closed, like a drawstring purse, to capture the fish.